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Globalization and the Human Right to Feed Oneself: The impact of the blue revolution on the Food Security of Small-Scale-Fisherpeople in Tamil Nadu

Weber, Eberhard (1997) Globalization and the Human Right to Feed Oneself: The impact of the blue revolution on the Food Security of Small-Scale-Fisherpeople in Tamil Nadu. UNSPECIFIED. (Unpublished)

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    Abstract

    In Indian fisheries you find the situation the Indian Government and other Governments of developing countries aim to achieve also for their agricultural sector: to get high prices for their commodities in the international market and to have unlimited access to these markets. By exporting high value marine products India earns much precious foreign exchange as prawns realize very high prices in the international market and as there are no restrictions for the entry into the markets of the industrialized countries. The quantities of exportable marine products are thus just restricted by the quantities that can be caught and by the demand in the industrialized countries. This situation is almost unchanged during the last three decades. In that time both the value and quantity of marine products exported from India increased considerably. Despite this development the economic status of small-scale fisherpeople in India did not improve much. In most parts of the country the fishing communities belong to the poorest sections of society. They do not only get a neglectable share of the money earned by the export of marine products, very often they are deprived of their resource basis as outsiders tend to see fisheries as a sector they can make easy money in. Economic development for the one means marginalization and destruction of their livelihoods for the others. The way economic development was achieved the fisherpeople became more vulnerable to food insecurity. This structure of vulnerability is additionally overlaid by internal structures and processes as well as by temporal events which might lead to drastic consequences for members of the fishing community as they can not cope easily with such situations like sharp increases in food prices, restricted numbers of days for fishing due to climatic reasons, decrease of fish-catches due to seasonal variations of fish occurrence. Some of these temporal changes are closely connected with the nature of fishing and the fisherpeople created their strategies to cope with them. Changes within the fisheries sector and the inner structure of the fishing community are responsible that these coping strategies are becoming more and more insufficient to protect the members of the fishing community.

    Item Type: Other
    Uncontrolled Keywords: India Human Rights Fisheries Development Conflicts over Resources
    Subjects: D History General and Old World > DS Asia
    H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
    H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
    S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Geography, Earth Science and Environment
    Depositing User: Eberhard Weber
    Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2017 12:22
    Last Modified: 04 Sep 2017 12:22
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/10026
    UNSPECIFIED

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