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The effects of a stressed inshore urban reef on coral recruitment in Suva harbour, Fiji

Lal, Ronal and De Ramon N'Yeurt, Antoine and Riley, Ralph and Kininmonth, Stuart J. and Rico, Ciro (2018) The effects of a stressed inshore urban reef on coral recruitment in Suva harbour, Fiji. Ecology and Evolution, 2018 . pp. 1-44. ISSN 2045-7758

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    Abstract

    A relic inshore reef ecosystem adjacent to the Fijian capital of Suva and another remote inshore reef were monitored monthly from July 2014 to July 2015 for coral recruitment, sedimentation rates, coral cover, temperature and light intensity. Despite a major sewage spill in Suva Harbour in December 2014, the municipal inshore site, exposed to extreme environmental stress, recorded no significant differences in coral spat abundance (except for the family Poritidae) on artificial substrata compared to the remote inshore site. Total yearly spat abundance was 106 on municipal reef and 132 on remote reef while total annual sediment deposition was significantly higher in the municipal site (657.14 g.cm ), compared to the remote site (371.52 g.cm ). Total annual Particulate Organic Matter content in sediment was also significantly higher in the municipal site (107.51 g.cm ), compared to the remote site (43.37 g.cm ). Mean light intensity was significantly lower for the municipal site (69.81 lum/ft ) compared to the remote site (239.26 lum/ft ), with Photosynthetically Active Radiation also lower for the former (800-1066.66 µmol m s ) compared to the latter (3266.66-3600 µmol m s ). The lack of differences in coral spat recruitment rates suggests that settling larvae may be unable to distinguish between polluted and non-polluted sites probably as a consequence of interference with coral settlement cues arising from anthropogenic development.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Coral recruitment, Coral diversity, Sedimentation, Pollution, Inshore
    Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
    Q Science > QL Zoology
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Marine Studies
    Pacific Centre for Environment and Sustainable Development (PACE-SD)
    Depositing User: Antoine N'Yeurt
    Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2018 15:41
    Last Modified: 05 Oct 2018 15:41
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/11090
    UNSPECIFIED

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