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Effects of St. Patrick’s Day Geomagnetic Storm of March 2015 and of June 2015 on Low-Equatorial D Region Ionosphere

Maurya, A.K. and Venkatesham, K. and Kumar, Sushil and Singh, R. and Tiwari, P. and Singh, A. K. (2018) Effects of St. Patrick’s Day Geomagnetic Storm of March 2015 and of June 2015 on Low-Equatorial D Region Ionosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123 . pp. 1-14. ISSN 2156-2202

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D region effects of the 17–19 March 2015, a St Patrick's Day super geomagnetic storm (Dst = −223 nT), using a navigational transmitter very low frequency (VLF) signal (NWC, 19.8 kHz) recorded at a low‐latitude Indian station, Allahabad (geomag. lat., 16.45°N), have been analyzed and compared with similar strength of the 22–25 June 2015 storm (Dst = −204 nT). During the March storm, NWC signal amplitude decreased on 17 March (main phase of the storm) and recovered on 27 March, which is 1 day after the recovery of the storm, whereas for the June storm, VLF amplitude decreased for 2 days only during its recovery phase. The decrease in the amplitude was pronounced during evening terminator for both the storms. The modeling of VLF signal anomaly on 17 March and on 25 June using Long‐Wave Propagation Capability code shows an increase in the D region reference height (h′) by ~2.6 km and ~2.5 km, for March and June storms, respectively. The D region electron density (Ne) determined using storm time h′ and sharpness factor β shows a decrease in the Ne during the main phase followed by a slow recovery during the recovery phase of the March storm, whereas June 2015 storm showed a decrease in the Ne only on 25 and 26 June. Morlet Wavelet analysis of the amplitude for both the storms shows a presence of strong wave‐like signatures, suggesting propagation of atmospheric gravity waves/traveling ionosphere disturbances to the low latitude D region due to the Joule heating at high latitudes.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: JGU-Space Physics
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Engineering and Physics
Depositing User: Sushil Kumar
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2019 03:54
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2019 23:34

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