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Organic matter fractions and N mineralization in vegetable-cropped sandy soils

Jegajeevagan, K. and Sleutel, Steven and Ameloot, N and Kader, Md. Abdul and De Neve, Stefaan (2013) Organic matter fractions and N mineralization in vegetable-cropped sandy soils. Soil Use and Management, 29 . pp. 333-343. ISSN 0266-0032

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    Abstract

    Soil organic nitrogen mineralization rates and possible predictors thereof were investigated for vegetable-growing soils in Belgium. Soil organic matter (SOM) was fractionated into sand (> 53 lm) and silt+clay (< 53 lm) fractions. The latter fraction was further separated into 6%NaOCl-oxidation labile (6%NaOCl-ox) and resistant N and C and subsequently into 10%HF-extractable (mineral bound) and resistant (recalcitrant) N and C. The N mineralization turnover rate (% of soil N/year) correlated with several of the investigated N or C fractions and stepwise linear regression confirmed that the 6%NaOCl-ox N was the best predictor. However, the small R² (0.42) of the regression model suggests that soil parameters other than the soil fractions isolated here would be required to explain the significant residual variation in N mineralization rate. A next step could be to look for alternative SOM fractionations capable of isolating bioavailable N. However, it would appear that the observed relationships between N fractions and N mineralization may not be causal but indirect. The number of vegetable crops per rotation did not influence N mineralization, but it did influence 6%NaOCl-ox N, probably as an effect of differences in crop residues returned and organic manure supply. However, the nature of this relation between management, SOM quality and N mineralization is not clear. Explanation of correlations between N mineralization and presumed bioavailable N fractions, like the 6%NaOCl-ox N, requires further mechanistic elucidation of the N mineralization process.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Business and Economics (FBE) > School of Agriculture and Food Technology
    Depositing User: Md. Abdul Kader
    Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2019 15:59
    Last Modified: 27 Feb 2019 15:59
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/11162
    UNSPECIFIED

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