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Design and Optimization of a Ducted Marine Current Savonius Turbine for Gun-barrel Passage, Fiji

Goundar, Jai and Ahmed, Mohammed R. and Lee, Y.H. (2019) Design and Optimization of a Ducted Marine Current Savonius Turbine for Gun-barrel Passage, Fiji. Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, 141 (2). 021901-1. ISSN 0892-7219

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    Abstract

    Marine current energy is a reliable and clean source of energy. Many marine current turbines have been designed and developed over the years. Placement of an appropriately designed duct or shroud around the turbine significantly improves the turbine performance. In the present work, a Ducted Savonius Turbine (DST) is designed and optimized and its performance analysis carried out. The components of ducted Savonius turbines are simple and easily available and can be manufactured in developing countries like Fiji. A scaled-down model of 1/20 of a DST was fabricated and tested in a water stream at a velocity of 0.6 m/s and the results were used to validate the results from a commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) code ANSYS-CFX. Finally, a full-scale DST was modeled to study the flow characteristics in the turbine and the performance characteristics. The maximum efficiency of the turbine is around 50% at the tip speed ratio (TSR) of 3.5 and the maximum shaft power obtained is 10 kW at the rated speed of 1.15 m/s and around 65 kW at a free-stream velocity of 2.15 m/s. The stress distribution on the ducted turbine was also obtained.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Additional Information: This work is part of the PhD work of the first author
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Marine current energy; Savonius rotor; Computational fluid dynamics; Optimization.
    Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Engineering and Physics
    Depositing User: M. Rafiuddin Ahmed
    Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2019 13:05
    Last Modified: 05 Feb 2019 13:05
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/11278
    UNSPECIFIED

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