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Potential effects of urbanization on urban thermal comfort, a case study of Nairobi City, Kenya: a review

Ongoma, Victor and Muange, Pamela and Shilenje, Zablon (2016) Potential effects of urbanization on urban thermal comfort, a case study of Nairobi City, Kenya: a review. Geographica Pannonica, 20 (1). pp. 19-31. ISSN 0354-8724

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    Abstract

    This study reviews the effect of urbanization on human thermal comfort over Nairobi city in Kenya. Urbanization alters urban centre’s land use and land cover, modifying the climate of the urban setting. The modification in climate affects human comfort and the environment at large. This study focuses on the recent studies conducted in Nairobi city and many other cities globally to examine modification of wind, temperature and humidity over Nairobi. There was observed reduction in wind speed and relative humidity over the city, posing threat to human and animal comfort and the environment at large. The city of Nairobi, just like other cities globally is observed to experience urban heat island (UHI). The observed increase in minimum temperature as compared to maximum temperature signifies overall warming. A combination of all these changes reduces human comfort. Borrowing lessons from developed cities, increasing the urban forest cover is thus suggested as one of the practical and effective measures that can help prevent further modification of weather and urban climates. The study recommends further research involving multi-sectoral urban stake holders, on forcing driving urban thermal comfort. In the short term, design and construction of appropriate structures can help minimize energy consumption and emissions, thus enhancing comfort.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
    G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
    G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Geography, Earth Science and Environment
    Depositing User: Victor Ongoma
    Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2019 12:07
    Last Modified: 18 Apr 2019 12:07
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/11481
    UNSPECIFIED

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