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Zampanolides B−E from the Marine Sponge Cacospongia mycofijiensis: Potent Cytotoxic Macrolides with Microtubule- Stabilizing Activity

Taufa, Taitusi and Singh, A. Jonathan and Harland, Chloe R. and Patel, Vimal and Jones, Ben and Halafihi, Tu′ikolongahau and Miller, John H. and Keyzers, R. A. and Northcote, P. T. (2018) Zampanolides B−E from the Marine Sponge Cacospongia mycofijiensis: Potent Cytotoxic Macrolides with Microtubule- Stabilizing Activity. Journal of Natural Products, 81 (11). pp. 2539-2544. ISSN 0163-3864

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    Abstract

    Four new compounds (2−5) structurally related to the microtubule-stabilizing agent (−)-zampanolide (1) have been isolated from the Tongan marine sponge Cacospongia mycofijiensis. Three of these new structures, zampanolides B−D (2−4), exhibit nanomolar cytotoxicity toward the HL-60 cell line, are antimitotic, and induce in vitro tubulin polymerization at levels comparable to 1. Zampanolide E (5), saturated at C-8/C-9, was significantly less potent and does not stabilize purified tubulin, even at 10-fold higher concentrations. The structural differences across these compounds reveal a plasticity of the zampanolide pharmacophore. While unsaturation is required at Δ8, the configuration of this alkene and those of Δ4 and Δ4′ have little effect on tubulin polymerization. The first natural co-occurrence of 1 and (−)-dactylolide (6) from the same sponge extract is also noted

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Biological and Chemical Sciences
    Depositing User: Dr. Taitusi Taufa
    Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2019 12:22
    Last Modified: 19 Jun 2019 12:22
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/11604
    UNSPECIFIED

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