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Effects of nodal distance on conditioned stimulus valences across time

Amd , Micah and Machado, Armando and de Oliveira, Marlon and Passarelli, Denise and de Rose, Julio Cesar (2019) Effects of nodal distance on conditioned stimulus valences across time. Frontiers in Psychology, 10 (742). pp. 742-751. ISSN 1664-1078

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A meaningless symbol that repeatedly co-occurs with emotionally salient faces (US) can transform into a valenced symbol (CS). US-to-CS valence transformations have been observed for CS that have been directly (US→CS0) and indirectly (US→CS0→CS1→CS2) linked with face US. The structure of a US→CS0→CS1→CS2 series may be conceptualized in terms of “nodal distance,” where CS0, CS1, and CS2 are 0, 1, and 2 nodes from the US respectively. Increasing nodal distance between an evaluated CS and its linked US can reduce magnitude of observed CS valence transformations. We explored currently whether nodal distance can influence CS valence extinction, which describes reductions in CS valence following repeated exposures to CS without any accompanying US. In our study, faces with happy/neutral/sad expressions (US) were directly linked with nonsense words (US→CS0). The directly linked CS0 was concurrently linked with other words (CS0→CS1, CS1→CS2). Subjects evaluated all stimuli before and after conditioning, then continued to provide CS evaluations twice a week for 6 weeks. Bayesian factors provided credible evidence for the transformation and extinction of CS valences that were 0 and 1 nodes from US (all BF10’s > 100). The variability across post-conditioning CS evaluations provides indirect evidence for context-sensitive/propositional and structural/associative operations during CS evaluations.

Item Type: Journal Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Arts, Law and Education (FALE)
Depositing User: Micah Ahmad
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2019 04:00
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2021 02:15

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