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First report of Steinernema longicaudum and its bacterial symbionts, Xenorhabdus species, in pummelo orchards of Davao region, Philippines

Ubaub, Leslie and Stock, Patricia (2018) First report of Steinernema longicaudum and its bacterial symbionts, Xenorhabdus species, in pummelo orchards of Davao region, Philippines. Philippine Scientist, 53 . pp. 66-77. ISSN 0079-1466

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    Abstract

    Davao region is the largest pummelo-producing area in the Philippines. Like other tropical fruits, pummelo is infested with several insect pests which consequently lead to the application of synthetic chemicals as deterrent. One potential alternative control measure is the use of soil-dwelling, entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs), each with its own suite of preferred host, which can be used to control a wide range of insect pests. A survey and soil samples were collected to isolate and identify EPNs in ten pummelo orchards in the Davao region. EPNs were extracted from soil samples using the insect-baiting technique, and were found in only two of the ten sampling areas. EPN isolates were subjected to molecular identification using the 28S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) while its bacterial symbionts were identified using 16S rDNA genes. Both EPN isolates were identified as Steinernema longicaudum. This is the first report of S. longicaudum isolate in the Philippines which can be used as biological control agent against insect pests of pummelo such as citrus rind borer and flower thrips.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: entomopathogenic nematodes, pummelo, Steinernema longicaudum, Xenorhabdus ehlersii, bacterial symbionts
    Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Business and Economics (FBE) > School of Agriculture and Food Technology
    Depositing User: Leslie T Ubaub
    Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2019 16:03
    Last Modified: 19 Dec 2019 16:03
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/11875
    UNSPECIFIED

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