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Smart Water Quality Monitoring System Design and KPIs Analysis: Case Sites of Fiji Surface Water

Mamun, Kabir and Islam, F M Rabiul and Haque, R. and Khan, Mohammad G.M. and Prasad, A.N and Haqva, H. and Mudliar, Ravindra R. and Mani, Francis S. (2019) Smart Water Quality Monitoring System Design and KPIs Analysis: Case Sites of Fiji Surface Water. Sustainability, 11 (24). pp. 1-21. ISSN 2071-1050

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    Abstract

    Over recent years, waters in and around Fiji has increasingly succumbed to a reasonable level of contamination. Water quality is defined with set of standards that clearly state the parameters of different properties in water. These standards are different at various geographic locations. The specific quantitative values of these parameters for the Fiji Islands are established by the Fiji National Drinking Water Quality Standards (FNDWQS). Fiji is geographically located in the vast Pacific Ocean, and requires a data collection framework for different water parameters to monitor water quality. The GIS framework system can effectively solve this continuously in real-time. With the end goal being to quantify different parameters; four (04) key performance indicators (KPI) are identified: Temperature, potential of hydrogen (pH), Oxidation Reduction Potential (ORP), and Conductivity. This paper presents a Smart Water Quality Monitoring System (SWQMS) which has been developed and deployed in five (05) Fijian locations (nodes) for the aforementioned KPIs measurement. The SWQMS interfaced with GIS and were powered using solar based Renewable Energy Source (REs). Finally, obtained data were tested and analyzed using statistical methods and verified comparing with the FNDWQS. The findings demonstrated that the system is capable of delivering an accurate and consistent measurement of water quality in real-time. Hence SWQMS could be a smart choice for various Pacific Island Countries (PICs) to use to monitor the water quality and in turn develop sustainable cities and societies.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
    T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Biological and Chemical Sciences
    Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Computing, Information and Mathematical Sciences
    Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Engineering and Physics
    Depositing User: Fulori Nainoca
    Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2020 10:26
    Last Modified: 23 Apr 2020 09:30
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/11959
    UNSPECIFIED

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