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A novel sensorless approach for speed and displacement control of bearingless switched reluctance motor

Rao, Pulivarthi N. and Kumar, Nallapaneni M. and Padmanaban, Sanjeevikumar and Subathra, M.S.P. and Chand, Aneesh A. (2020) A novel sensorless approach for speed and displacement control of bearingless switched reluctance motor. Applied Sciences, 10 (12). NA. ISSN 2076-3417

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    Abstract

    The bearingless concept is a plausible alternative to the magnetic bearing drives. It provides numerous advantages like minimal maintenance, low cost, compactness and no requirement of high-performance power amplifiers. Controlling the rotor position and its displacements under parameter variations during acceleration and deceleration phases was not effective with the use of conventional controllers like proportional–integral–derivative (PID) and fuzzy-type controllers. Hence, to get the robust and stable operation of a bearingless switched reluctance motor (BSRM), a new robust dynamic sliding mode controller has been proposed in this paper, along with a sensorless operation using a sliding ode observer. The rotor displacement tracking error functions and speed tracking error functions are used in the designing of both proposed methods of the sliding mode switching functions. To get a healthy and stable operation of the BSRM, the proposed controller’s tasks are divided into three steps. As a first step, the displaced rotor in any one of the four quadrants in the air gap has to pull back to the centre position successfully. The second step is to run the motor at a rated speed by exciting torque phase currents, and finally, the third step is to maintain the stable and robust operation of the BSRM even under the application of different loads and changes of the motor parameters. Simulation studies were conducted and analysed under different testing conditions. The suspension forces, rotor displacements, are robust and stable, and the rotor is pulled back quickly to the centre position due to the proposed controller’s actions. The improved performance characteristics of the dynamic sliding mode controller (DSMC)-based sliding mode observer (SMO) was compared with the conventional sliding mode controller (SMC)-based SMO.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
    T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Engineering and Physics
    Depositing User: Aneesh Chand
    Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2020 11:07
    Last Modified: 17 Jun 2020 11:07
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/12189
    UNSPECIFIED

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