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Heavy metals contamination and risk assessment in sediments of Laucala Bay, Suva, Fiji

Pratap, Arsita and Mani, Francis S. and Prasad, Surendra (2020) Heavy metals contamination and risk assessment in sediments of Laucala Bay, Suva, Fiji. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 156 . p. 111238. ISSN 0025-326X

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    Abstract

    Spatial distribution of metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Ni, Pb and Zn) were studied in the surficial sediments from 20 sampling sites of Laucala Bay Suva, Fiji to assess the significance of wastewater effluent discharged from Kinoya Wastewater Treatment Plant (KWWTP) into Laucala Bay as a major source. The bioavailability of these metals was also assessed using the fractionation technique. The total concentrations of individual metals varied from 1.7–6.0 mg/kg Cd, 24.2–49.1 mg/kg Cr, 54–170 mg/kg Cu, 13,733–68,492 mg/kg Fe, 23.5–34.8 mg/kg Ni, 50–80 mg/kgPb and 15.5–157.0 mg/kg Zn. All the metals studied except Ni showed significant increase around the KWWTP effluent discharge sites indicating that prolong discharge of wastewater could be a major source of their accumulation in Laucala Bay. The multivariate statistical analysis confirmed that Cd, Cu and Pb could be attributed to similar sources like wastewater effluent. The study confirmed that the spatial distribution of the metals in Laucala Bay was affected by the hydrodynamic of Laucala Bay as pollutants were dispersed from the point sources. The Risk Assessment Code (RAC) assessed from the bioavailable fraction data confirmed that apart from Cd and Pb, the rest of the metals analysed had medium risk of toxicity. Owing to the persistent nature of metals and the results obtained from this study, there is a high probability of these metals to accumulate and increase in concentration in the future which could also lead to increase in their risk of toxicity to living beings.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Metals, Sediments, Bioavailability, Fractionation, Wastewater effluent
    Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Biological and Chemical Sciences
    Depositing User: Fulori Nainoca - Waqairagata
    Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2020 16:01
    Last Modified: 05 Nov 2020 12:03
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/12223
    UNSPECIFIED

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