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Projections of future meteorological drought events under representative concentration pathways (RCPs) of CMIP5 over Kenya, East Africa

Tan, Guirong and Ayugi, Brian and Ngoma, Hamida and Ongoma, Victor (2020) Projections of future meteorological drought events under representative concentration pathways (RCPs) of CMIP5 over Kenya, East Africa. Atmospheric Research, 246 . pp. 1-13. ISSN 0169-8095

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    Abstract

    Understanding future evolution of drought scenario across localized domains remains an imperative process in bid to adapt tailor suit innovative solutions to drought risks and their impacts. The present study examines drought events by characterizing the trend, intensity, severity and frequency based on Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI), over Kenya, East Africa for near future (2010–2039), mid-century (2040–2069), and late century (2070–2100). The study utilizes Multi-model mean ensemble (MME) of five selected regional climate models (RCMs). Further, the models are bias corrected based on a quantile mapping bias corrected algorithm in order to minimize possible bias for accurate projections. The changes in annual and seasonal precipitation over Kenya is examined in order to associate with changes in drought occurrence. Results demonstrate positive shift, indicating an increase in projected rainfall change during all the three timescales. Projections of possible future meteorological drought events under RCPs scenario over study locale was conducted using SPI. The results demonstrate relatively better performance of biased corrected MME derived from Rossby Centre regional climate model (RCA4) in simulating drought indices over the Kenya. The MME projections for drought duration show an increase in moderate drought incidences with fewer incidences of extreme events across the RCP4.5 and 8.5 scenarios respectively. However, the duration of occurrences varies from one region to another with most hotspots located around northeastern sides of the country. Examination of projected changes in drought frequency and severity depict an occurrence of severe to extreme drought incidences that are expected to intensify during the near future time slice while overall projections show that more wet scenarios is depicted, with fewer cases of drought expected to occur during mid and towards end of the century of projection period. The study calls for enactment of appropriate mitigation measures to cope with possible scenarios of drought risks over Kenya in the future.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
    G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Geography, Earth Science and Environment
    Depositing User: Victor Ongoma
    Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2020 12:28
    Last Modified: 16 Jul 2020 12:28
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/12229
    UNSPECIFIED

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