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Efficacy of Heterorhabditis species against Sweet Potato Weevil (Cylas formicarius Fabr.) in tropical islands: a case study of Visayas, Philippines

Ubaub, Leslie and Gapasin, Ruben and Ceniza, Ma. Juliet and Lim, Jesusito (2019) Efficacy of Heterorhabditis species against Sweet Potato Weevil (Cylas formicarius Fabr.) in tropical islands: a case study of Visayas, Philippines. Journal of South Pacific Agriculture, 22 . pp. 17-22. ISSN 1018-7774

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    Abstract

    Sweet potato weevil (Cylas formicarius Fabr.) is a serious threat to sweet potato production in the world. This insect pest can cause damage as high as 97% yield reduction when not managed. The use of biological control agent like entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) can be an alternative to the use of synthetic chemicals to manage this insect pest. The aim of this study was to determine the pathogenicity of the four EPN isolates from the Visayas islands in the Philippines in controlling the sweet potato weevil in–vitro and in greenhouse pot trials. All four isolates were initially identified under the Heterorhabditis genera based on the coloration of the cadavers. Of these four, three isolates, namely UBD, AVD, and CP were identified as H. indica and HO1 as H. baujardi. All of these four (4) EPN isolates were equally promising for the control of both larvae and prepupae. Among the four isolates, UBD at 300EPN/ml recorded the highest mortality on larvae (99.4%) and prepupae (88%), highest percent infection on larvae (95%) and prepupae (83.4%), and fastest to achieved LC50 which was 2 days after application on larvae while 4 days on prepupae. At higher concentration, LC50 were achieved faster than in lower concentration across isolates. A lower percent mortality was recorded on prepupae compared to larvae. In the greenhouse experiment, tubers inoculated with UBD isolate at 300EPN/ml obtained the least damage with no apparent weevil feeding damage on the tuber and no adult exit holes. The four isolates were found effective in controlling sweet potato weevil under tropical island situation in Visayas, Philippines.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Business and Economics (FBE) > School of Agriculture and Food Technology
    Depositing User: Leslie T Ubaub
    Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2020 12:39
    Last Modified: 23 Sep 2020 12:39
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/12367
    UNSPECIFIED

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