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Performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine employing straight vegetable oils from Vanuatu as fuels

Sisi, Misel J. and Ahmed, Mohammed R. and Rohindra, David (2020) Performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine employing straight vegetable oils from Vanuatu as fuels. Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 12 (9). NA. ISSN 1687-8140

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    Abstract

    The performance characteristics of the engine and the emission levels with Copra Oil (CPO), Virgin Coconut (cocos nucifera) Oil (VCO), Tamanu (calaphyllum inopyllum) Oil (TMO), and Nangae (canarium indicum) Oil (NGO) are presented. The oils, obtained from naturally grown trees in Vanuatu, were tested as straight vegetable oils (SVOs) in a Diesel engine and the results are compared with those of neat diesel. The oils were converted to their fatty-acid-methyl-esters (FAMEs) using gas chromatography to determine their fatty acid compositions. The brake thermal efficiency with SVOs was found to be comparable to diesel. The structure of the alkyl chain and the carbon-to-hydrogen ratio were also studied. All the oils have Palmitic acid, Capric acid, Caprylic acid, and Oleic acid as the major fatty acids. The CPO and VCO have higher amounts of Oleic acid, which acts as an additive and breaks up the interaction between the major fatty acids at higher temperatures, reducing the viscosity. Emissions of CO2 were lower while those of CO, NOx, and SO2 were higher with SVOs compared to diesel. The results indicate that the local SVOs are good and inexpensive substitute fuels for Vanuatu that can help the country meet the UN’s sustainable development goals.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
    T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Biological and Chemical Sciences
    Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Engineering and Physics
    Depositing User: Ms Shalni Sanjana
    Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2020 12:40
    Last Modified: 06 Oct 2020 12:40
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/12384
    UNSPECIFIED

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