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Coastal resource management and tourism development in Fiji Islands: a conservation challenge

Singh, Shalini and Bhat, Jahangeer A. and Shah, Shipra and Pala, Nazir A. (2020) Coastal resource management and tourism development in Fiji Islands: a conservation challenge. Environment, Development and Sustainability, NA . NA. ISSN 1387-585X

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The tourism sector has been a key driver of socioeconomic progress in Fiji Islands since the 1980s, in comparison with other industries such as agriculture, fisheries, and forestry. Fiji currently plans to further expand its tourism industry into a 2 billion FJD sector, which places great pressure on the coastal environment and resources that attract more than 500,000 tourists per year. Unplanned tourism development has adverse impacts on the environment and dependent communities, which is often attributed to weak governance and poorly enforced regulations. In Fiji, the industry has been recognized as responsible for mangrove clearance and coastal degradation, both of which aggravate problems such as coastline erosion, vulnerability to natural disasters, fish stock declines, poor water quality, pollution, and biodiversity loss. Though the country has national legislations in place, as well as regional and international collaborations to manage its ocean resources, it lacks the capacity and resources to implement environment policy, planning, and regulation. There is a need to strengthen governance and community capacity to address problems of effective enforcement of legislation and ensure the conservation, management, and sustainable utilization of marine and coastal resources.

Item Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions: Pacific Centre for Environment and Sustainable Development (PACE-SD)
Depositing User: Ms Shalni Sanjana
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2020 21:52
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2020 21:52

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