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Traffic related PM2.5 air quality: policy options for developing Pacific Island countries

Mani, Shavneet and Mani, Francis S. and Kumar, Ajal and Shah, S. and Peltier, R.E. (2020) Traffic related PM2.5 air quality: policy options for developing Pacific Island countries. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 87 . NA. ISSN 1361-9209

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    Abstract

    Traffic related PM2.5 air pollution data remain largely absent in the Pacific Island Countries (PICs). Increased use of second hand cars and inadequate emission control policies may result in harmful levels of roadside PM2.5 concentrations. To bridge the data gap, we monitored roadside PM2.5 concentrations in two of the largest cities in the PIC’s, Suva and Lautoka, both of Fiji using high volume air sampler. Daily mean roadside PM2.5 concentrations in Suva and Lautoka cities were reported to be 21.6 ± 13.3 µg/m3 and 67.2 ± 35.2 µg/m3 respectively. In comparison, mean PM2.5 concentration determined at the roadside site in Lautoka city was more than twice the World Health Organisation 24 h mean guideline concentration of 25 µg/m3. Elevated PM2.5 in Lautoka may have serious public health implications. This work investigates existing vehicle emission and importation related polices and approaches in reducing land transport based emissions in the PICs.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
    Q Science > QC Physics
    Q Science > QD Chemistry
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Biological and Chemical Sciences
    Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Engineering and Physics
    Depositing User: Ms Shalni Sanjana
    Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2020 11:59
    Last Modified: 30 Nov 2020 11:59
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/12472
    UNSPECIFIED

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