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The economic burden of non - communicable disease mortality in the South Pacific: evidence from Fiji

Chand, Shamal S. and Singh, Baljeet and Kumar, Sanjesh (2020) The economic burden of non - communicable disease mortality in the South Pacific: evidence from Fiji. PLoS ONE, 15 (7). NA. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) have emerged as one of the major endemics in Fiji which is responsible for more than 80 percent of deaths annually. In this study, we estimate the economic burden of non-communicable disease mortality in Fiji. The specific impact of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease and cancer-related mortality on Fiji’s output is also investigated using the autoregressive distributed lag bounds tests approach to cointegration. The data used is compiled from Fiji Ministry of Health and Medical Services and World Health Organization’s Mortality database. Overall, the study finds that NCD mortality rate together with cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease and cancer have a significant negative effect on output per capita of Fiji between 1972 and 2016. A one percentage point increase in NCD-mortality rate reduced output per capita by 0.012 percent. In addition, a percentage point increase in the mortality rates of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease and cancer decreased output per capita by 0.018, 0.01, 0.031, and 0.035 percent, respectively. The findings conclude that NCD poses significant economic burden in Fiji and recommend policy innovations in lessening the high risk of NCD among the Fijian population.

Item Type: Journal Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Divisions: School of Accounting, Finance and Economics (SAFE)
Depositing User: Ms Shalni Sanjana
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2021 12:47
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2021 12:47
URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/12557
UNSPECIFIED

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