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A cultural basis for land and livelihood security: the Guadalcanal plains palm oil limited, landowners association & company, Solomon Islands

Nanau, Gordon and Pendeverana, Lincy (2021) A cultural basis for land and livelihood security: the Guadalcanal plains palm oil limited, landowners association & company, Solomon Islands. Development Bulletin, 82 . pp. 65-69. ISSN 1035-1132

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The Guadalcanal Plains Palm Oil Plantations Limited (GPPOL) took over from the Solomon Islands Plantations Limited (SIPL) in 2005. It was a national project touted as a way to bring back peace, security and economic recovery following five years of ‘tensions’ from 1998 to 2003. The New Britain Palm Oil Limited (NBPOL) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the landowners association, the Guadalcanal Plains Resource Development Association (GPRDA) that led to the incorporation of an association company called the Guadalcanal Plains Resource Development Company Limited (GPRDCL). NBPOL also signed two separate MOUs with the national government and Guadalcanal Province to reopen the oil palm plantation on Guadalcanal in 2005. The establishment of GPRDA and GPRDCL not only provided safeguards and security for landowners but also allowed them to benefit more from their land. GPPOL encouraged the smallholder outgrower scheme (SOGS) on customary land as a way of engaging with farmers planting oil palm on customary land. SOGS are oil palm plantations owned by individuals or nuclear families usually on customary land as part of their private property within the larger mamata (tribal) land and not formally part of GPPOL. Some SOGs are also established on alienated land with formal titles under trustees but formal surveying and titling of land is not a requirement. The establishment of the landowner association and company plus the SOGS provides an "alternative development" that sees the local Lengo social and cultural relations as pillars and drivers of oil palm development on Guadalcanal. Such a development approach guarantees security for land, safeguards livelihoods, and encourages business growth and wellbeing.

Item Type: Journal Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
J Political Science > JF Political institutions (General)
K Law > K Law (General)
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: School of Law and Social Sciences (SoLaSS)
Depositing User: Gordon Nanau
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2021 02:54
Last Modified: 04 May 2022 03:38

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