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Working sideways for change: extending the notion of ideological and implementational space

Willans, Fiona (2021) Working sideways for change: extending the notion of ideological and implementational space. In: Policy Development in TESOL and Multilingualism: Past, Present and the Way Forward. Springer Nature, Singapore, pp. 189-199. ISBN 978-981-16-3602-8

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This chapter puts forward a sideways model of policy change in which engagement is required simultaneously with high-level decision makers; classroom influencers such as curriculum developers, assessment units and teacher trainers; teachers; and the communities that they serve. This model moves the discussion beyond the typical dichotomy between top-down and bottom-up approaches, reminding us that language policy is a constantly evolving process that is created and sustained through overlapping and interrelated practices and discourses. A change in medium of instruction policy in Vanuatu is used as the focus for the discussion. Despite the policy opening up exciting opportunities for a multilingual and pedagogically supportive approach to the teaching of both content and language, a number of widely held beliefs continue to circulate unchecked that appear to challenge these opportunities. Hornberger’s (2002) notion of ideological and implementational spaces is operationalised here by separating its ideological and implementational aspects, and noting how implementational space may be left unutilised for two main reasons – the absence of ideological space, and the limitations of ‘implementational tolerance’ without the addition of ‘implementational support’. At every level of the education sector of Vanuatu, there are discourses and practices underpinned by complex ideological configurations that are serving to keep spaces shut, but there are clearly also counter-discourses and practices that indicate new spaces opening up for alternatives. By working sideways, it becomes easier to involve actors at all levels in the interrogation and occupation of the ideological spaces that emerge.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: School of Pacific Arts, Communication and Education (SPACE)
Depositing User: Fiona Willans
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2021 23:23
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2021 23:23

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