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Freshwater Biomonitoring: An Ecosystem-Based Approach (EbA) for Building Climate Resilience Communities in Fiji

Rashni, Bindiya (2021) Freshwater Biomonitoring: An Ecosystem-Based Approach (EbA) for Building Climate Resilience Communities in Fiji. In: Ecosystem-Based Disaster and Climate Resilience: Integration of Blue-Green Infrastructure in Sustainable Development. Springer Singapore, Singapore, pp. 483-500. ISBN 978-981-16-4815-1

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To establish climate resilience indigenous communities in rural and remote areas of Fiji, a pilot freshwater biomonitoring project was conducted in six villages of the Vanua Levu island using an innovative, user, age, education and gender friendly community-based river health assessment tool---`Traffic Light Bioindicator Guide' (TLBG). This project was aimed at developing local community practitioners for conducting bioassessment and implementing riverine ecosystem-based conservation. To achieve this, a workshop and riverine field training were conducted to educate the villagers on the riverine biophysical structure, river health bioindicator taxa identification, TLBG use and river mapping for identification of catchment threats. Site-specific rapid bioassessment results are discussed. The social empowerment gained through field assessments and workshops resulted in (a) indigenous community-based plans for water source safeguarding (b) establishment of a village specific river monitoring committee (c) establishment of banana circle bio-filter for wastewater treatment (d) local community rubbish pit construction (e) proper toilet construction and (f) the development of a modified TLBG post-pilot field trial. The annual freshwater biomonitoring results complementing the implementation of community-initiated mitigation measures (a--e) were published as a proof of the successful trial of the TLBG in the Fiji RiverCare Toolkit.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Uncontrolled Keywords: Freshwater biomonitoring; Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA); Climate resilience; Indigenous community and river health
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: School of Agriculture, Geography, Environment, Ocean and Natural Sciences (SAGEONS)
Depositing User: Fulori Nainoca - Waqairagata
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2021 00:52
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2021 00:52

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