USP Electronic Research Repository

Valence generalization across non - recurring structures

Amd, Micah (2022) Valence generalization across non - recurring structures. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition, 48 (2). pp. 1-52. ISSN 2329-8456 (Unpublished)

WarningThere is a more recent version of this item available.
[img] PDF - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (982kB)
[img] PDF (Pre-publication final proof) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (3MB)


Semantically meaningless strings that are associated with affective attributes (US) can become emotionally valenced CS. JurchiČ™ et al (2020) recently demonstrated CS-US associations may influence evaluations towards previously-unseen letter strings if the latter share grammar construction rules with CS. We replicated those authors' findings in a modified extension (Experiment 1; N1 = 108), where happy/angry faces (US) were differentially associated with letter strings (CS) constructed using familiar (English) or non-familiar (Phoenician) alphabets. CS-US sequences were sandwiched by evaluations of strings that never appeared as CS, but shared grammar construction rules. However, post-hoc tests indicated valence effects were restricted to participants classified as 'high awareness' or those who had been exposed to longer stimulus durations, suggesting resource-intense deliberations were central during evaluations. Qualitative awareness checks additionally showcased many participants had attributed valences to recurring elements across conditioned and evaluated exemplars. These limitations were collectively addressed in Experiment 2 (N2 = 140), where participants viewed Phoenician (/English) CS during conditioning but viewed English (/Phoenician) strings during evaluations, meaning no strings nor elements recurred between phases. We found credible valence effects across English and Phoenician strings, with the latter observed across all awareness categories. Because participants were unable to consciously specify any evaluative strategies while evaluating Phoenician strings, we speculate grammar construction rules (organizing relations) may have been non-consciously acquired during conditioning.

Item Type: Journal Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: School of Law and Social Sciences (SoLaSS)
Depositing User: Micah Ahmad
Date Deposited: 12 May 2022 04:17
Last Modified: 12 May 2022 04:17

Available Versions of this Item


Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...