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Marine flora of French Polynesia: an updated list using DNA barcoding and traditional approaches

Vieira, Christophe and Kim, Myung S. and De Ramon N'Yeurt, Antoine and Payri, Claude and D’Hondt, Sophie and De Clerck, Olivier and Zubia, Mayalen (2023) Marine flora of French Polynesia: an updated list using DNA barcoding and traditional approaches. Biology, 12 (8). pp. 1124-1184. ISSN 2079-7737

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Located in the heart of the South Pacific Ocean, the French Polynesian islands represent a remarkable setting for biological colonization and diversification, because of their isolation. Our knowledge of this region’s biodiversity is nevertheless still incomplete for many groups of organisms. In the late 1990s and 2000s, a series of publications provided the first checklists of French Polynesian marine algae, including the Chlorophyta, Rhodophyta, Ochrophyta, and Cyanobacteria, established mostly on traditional morphology-based taxonomy. We initiated a project to systematically DNA barcode the marine flora of French Polynesia. Based on a large collection of ~2452 specimens, made between 2014 and 2023, across the five French Polynesian archipelagos, we re-assessed the marine floral species diversity (Alismatales, Cyanobacteria, Rhodophyta, Ochrophyta, Chlorophyta) using DNA barcoding in concert with morphology-based classification. We provide here a major revision of French Polynesian marine flora, with an updated listing of 702 species including 119 Chlorophyta, 169 Cyanobacteria, 92 Ochrophyta, 320 Rhodophyta, and 2 seagrass species—nearly a two-fold increase from previous estimates. This study significantly improves our knowledge of French Polynesian marine diversity and provides a valuable DNA barcode reference library for identification purposes and future taxonomic and conservation studies. A significant part of the diversity uncovered from French Polynesia corresponds to unidentified lineages, which will require careful future taxonomic investigation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: algae; Chlorophyta; Cyanobacteria; Rhodophyta; molecular-assisted alpha taxonomy; Ochrophyta; seagrass; seaweeds
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QH Natural history
Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions: Pacific Centre for Environment and Sustainable Development (PACE-SD)
Depositing User: Antoine N'Yeurt
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2023 02:30
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2023 02:30

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