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Effectiveness of NCD - related fiscal policies: evidence from the Pacific

Buksh, Shazna and Crookes, Annie E. and de Wit, John B.F. (2023) Effectiveness of NCD - related fiscal policies: evidence from the Pacific. Nutrients, 15 (21). NA. ISSN 2072-6643

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Abstract

Obesity in Pacific Island countries (PICs) has hit crisis levels, and the consequent high non-communicable disease (NCD) burden is devastating for their developing economies. Nutrition transitions from traditional, plant and seafood diets to a dependence on processed foods are at the core of the obesity and NCD epidemic in PICs. Fiscal policies are widely promoted as an effective mechanism to reduce consumption of unhealthy foods and increase consumption of fruits and vegetables. However, there are little data to evaluate the effectiveness of these policies as rates of NCDs and obesity in PICs continue to rise. This study used an online survey to recruit 4116 adults from six PICs: Fiji, Kiribati, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga and Vanuatu. The study measured the consumption of and household access to sugar-sweetened beverages, ultra-processed packaged snacks, fruits and vegetables and attitudes on food prices and unhealthy eating. The study also assessed the relationship between consumption of these foods and drink and (1) household access, (2) price as a food choice motive, and (3) unhealthy eating attitudes. This study provides novel data on food-related behaviours in PICs, offers insights into the potential impact of NCD-related fiscal policies on food consumption and identifies other variables of interest.

Item Type: Journal Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Divisions: School of Law and Social Sciences (SoLaSS)
Depositing User: Ms Shalni Sanjana
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2023 00:06
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2023 00:06
URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/14300
UNSPECIFIED

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