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Political violence and state failure in Fiji

Weber, Eberhard (2007) Political violence and state failure in Fiji. The German Journal of Economic Geography, 51 (3-4). pp. 206-220. ISSN 0044-3751

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Abstract

Between 1987 and 2006, Fiji experienced four coups # in which governments were overthrown by their own military forces. Many observers attribute political violence in Fiji to ethnic tensions between indigenous Fijians and ethnic descendants of persons of Indian origin, who immigrated to Fiji mainly between 1880 and 1920th While ethnicity contributes to political instability in Fiji, the existence of additional cleavages based on class, kinship and center-periphery dichotomy creates a rather complex picture. The coups are therefore offsprings of conflicts within the Fijian society, conflicts about the loss of political and economic power in the course of Modernization, experienced by traditional chiefs of tribal confederacies, as well as conflicts caused by marginalization of indigenous people living in peripheral areas. External actors like Australia, New Zealand and the USA add another layer to the conflicts. During the Cold War Socalled the Pacific islands were nuclear testing grounds for the USA, France and Great Britain as well as a strategic region for the U.S. Pacific Fleet American. Since 9 / 11 the United States as well as Australia and New Zealand consider political instability in the Pacific region Iceland as a breeding ground for international terrorism and a threat to their Thus national security.

Item Type: Journal Article
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Geography, Earth Science and Environment
Depositing User: Ms Mereoni Camailakeba
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2007 10:44
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2012 14:36
URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/1584
UNSPECIFIED

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