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Community-based marine resource management in Fiji - from yesterday to tomorrow

Muehlig-Hofmann, Annette and Veitayaki, Joeli and Polunin, N.V.C. and Stead, N. and Graham, N.A.J. (2005) Community-based marine resource management in Fiji - from yesterday to tomorrow. [Conference Proceedings]

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Abstract

There are various ways in which local communities are, and can become more, involved in reef management. Attempts have been made to comprehensively highlight successes and failures, but with little rigorous assessment of what the conditions of long-term success are. Fiji represents a unique case because its customary fishing-rights areas (qoliqoli) constitute a form of dual ownership, establishing a connection between indigenous owners and central government for management purposes. However, this so-called cooperative co-management approach has not been uniform across Fiji; different levels of government- and community-involvement are present, and the approach has been a source of confusion and disputes. One issue is whether ‘ownership’ of the qoliqoli should include both the marine resources and the seafloor, the latter being currently owned by the state. This review takes a critical look at issues of ‘traditional conservation’, origins of the existing qoliqoli system, perceptions of it by the people primarily concerned, the forces driving its evolution and its impact on marine resource use. It sheds light on and explores the boundaries of 'co-management' in Fiji, and assesses previous efforts to find a way forward. It shows that without organising its forces, Fiji will not be able to maintain its natural marine resources.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Marine Studies
Depositing User: Ms Mereoni Camailakeba
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2005 15:44
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2012 13:43
URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/3505
UNSPECIFIED

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