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World-wide lightning location using VLF propagation in the earth-ionosphere waveguide

Dowden, R.L. and Holzworth, R.H. and Rodger, C.J. and Lichtenberger, J. and Thomson, N.R. and Jacobson, A.R. and Lay, E. and Brundell, J.B. and Lyons, T.J. and O'Keefe, S. and Kawasaki, Z. and Price, C. and Prior, V. and Ortega, P. and Weinman, J. and Mikhailov, Y. and Woodman, R. and Qie, X. and Burns, G. and Collier, A. and Pinto Junior, O. and Diaz, R. and Adamo, C. and Williams, E.R. and Kumar, Sushil and Raga, G.B. and Rosado, J.M. and Avila, E.E. and Cliverd, M.A. and Ulich, T. and Gorham, P. and Shanahan, T.J.G. and Osipowicz, T. and Cook, G. and Zhao, Y. (2008) World-wide lightning location using VLF propagation in the earth-ionosphere waveguide. IEEE Antennas and Wave Propagation, 50 (5). pp. 40-60. ISSN 1045-9243

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    Abstract

    Worldwide lightning location (WWLL) using only 30 lightning sensors has been successfully achieved by using only VLF propagation in the Earth-ionosphere waveguide (EIWG). Ground propagation or mixed "sky" and ground propagation is avoided by requiring evidence of Earth-ionosphere waveguide dispersion. A further requirement is that the lightning strike must be inside the perimeter defined by the lightning sensor sites detecting the stroke. Under these conditions, the time and the location of the stroke can be determined, along with the rms errors. Lightning strokes with errors exceeding 30 Ps or to assist with identifying impulses from the same lightning stroke, the lightning sensor threshold is automatically adjusted to allow an average detection rate of three per second. This largely limits detection to the strongest 4% of all lightning strokes, of which about 40% meet the accuracy requirements for time and location.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Engineering and Physics
    Depositing User: Users 24 not found.
    Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2008 11:18
    Last Modified: 09 Jul 2012 21:11
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/4366
    UNSPECIFIED

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