USP Electronic Research Repository

Miscibility, melting and crystallization of poly (e-caprolactone) and poly (vinyl formal) blend

Rohindra, David and Khurma, Jagjit R. (2007) Miscibility, melting and crystallization of poly (e-caprolactone) and poly (vinyl formal) blend. The South Pacific Journal of Natural Sciences, 25 (1). pp. 53-60. ISSN Print 1013-9877 Electronic 1726-0787

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (1393Kb)

    Abstract

    Solution cast blends of poly(e-caprolactone) [PCL] and poly(vinyl formal) [PVF] from dichloromethane was investigated for miscibility by Differential Scanning Calorimetry [DSC], Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy [FTIR] and optical microscopy. Melting (Tm) and crystallization (Tc) temperatures were for the PCL fraction while the glass transition temperature (Tg) was for PVF fraction in the blends. Blends with 20 wt% and less PCL showed a depression in Tm and Tc. Depression in Tc indicated that during the non-isothermal crystallization process, the presence of PVF decreased the PCL segments migrating to the crystallite-melt interface thus reducing the nucleation rate, growth rate and the thickness of the lamella resulting in a depressed Tm. Crystallinity (Xc) decreased gradually with decreasing content of PCL in the blend and was due to the dilution of PCL by PVF. A depressed Tg was observed for 10 wt% PCL blend and remained the same for all other blend compositions. These observations suggested that this blend system has very low degree of miscibility. The degree of miscibility increased at low polyester concentration. FTIR spectra of the blends with low polyester concentrations showed changes in the C=O, O-H and C-O-C regions in the blended PVF and PCL spectra. Optical microscopy showed phase separation in the melt and in the PCL spherulites.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Biological and Chemical Sciences
    Depositing User: Ms Shalni Sanjana
    Date Deposited: 03 May 2007 17:01
    Last Modified: 03 May 2012 17:01
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/4542
    UNSPECIFIED

    Actions (login required)

    View Item

    Document Downloads

    More statistics for this item...