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D-region ionosphere response to the total solar eclipse of 22 July 2009 deduced from VLF tweek observations in the Indian sector

Singh, R. and Veenadhari, B. and Maurya, A.K. and Cohen, M.B. and Kumar, Sushil and Selvakumaran, R. and Pant, P. and Singh, A.K. and Inan, U.S. (2011) D-region ionosphere response to the total solar eclipse of 22 July 2009 deduced from VLF tweek observations in the Indian sector. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116 (A10301). p. 9. ISSN 0148-0227

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Observations of tweeks with higher harmonics (n > 1) at low latitude stations Allahabad and Nainital, in the Indian sector, during the total solar eclipse on 22 July 2009, are presented. Allahabad and Nainital stations were in 100% and 85% of the totality paths. Observations suggest that about 30–40% obscuration of solar disc can lead to the tweeks occurrence which otherwise occur only in nighttime. A total of 148 tweeks at Allahabad and 20 tweeks at Nainital were recorded with some of them up to 3rd harmonics. The World Wide Lightning Location Network data indicated that tweeks observed were generated by lightning's located in the partial eclipse area of Asia-Oceania region. The changes in D-region ionospheric VLF reflection height and electron density (∼22–23 cm−3) during eclipse have been estimated from the first cut-off frequency of the tweeks. The reflection height increased from ∼89 km from the first occurrence of tweek to about 91–92 km at the totality and then decreased to ∼87 km at the end of the eclipse, suggesting a change of about 5 km in the reflection height during eclipse. The reflection heights are lower by 2–3 km as compared to normal nighttime tweek reflection heights. The above increase in the reflection height indicate that the partial nighttime condition is created during eclipse, as the main D-region ionizing radiation Lyman α is blocked but solar soft X-ray and EUV radiations originating from the limb solar corona are not totally blocked which produce some of ionization in the D-region.

Item Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Engineering and Physics
Depositing User: Ms Shalni Sanjana
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2011 04:37
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2012 05:08

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