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Provitamin A carotenoid content of different cultivars of edible pandanus fruits

Englberger, L. and Aalbersberg, William G.L. and Fitzgerald, M.H. and Marks, G.C. and Chand, Kishore (2003) Provitamin A carotenoid content of different cultivars of edible pandanus fruits. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 16 . pp. 237-247. ISSN 0889-1575

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    Abstract

    As part of an overall study to identify vitamin A-rich foods, a study was carried out in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) to provide information on production, acquisition, consumption and cultural acceptability of edible pandanus cultivars, Pandanus tectorius, and to identify their carotenoid content. Samples of five pandanus cultivars were collected and analyzed for a- and b-carotene by HPLC. The results showed that the two cultivars with yellow fruit coloration contained low levels of carotenoids, while the orange fruits, which were also well liked as a food in the community, contained higher levels at maxima of 190 mg/100 g and 393 mg/100 g for a- and b-carotene, respectively. Common patterns of intake when the fruit is available show that pandanus can provide a large proportion of estimated requirements of retinol equivalents. Local people were generally unaware that pandanus had health benefits, although the food was very popular. Nevertheless, key informants report that production had greatly decreased in recent years. To reverse this trend, those acceptable cultivars high in carotenoid content should be promoted both for their general enjoyment and their health benefits.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
    Q Science > QK Botany
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > Institute of Applied Science
    Depositing User: Ms Shalni Sanjana
    Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2003 12:09
    Last Modified: 08 Aug 2012 12:13
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/5062
    UNSPECIFIED

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