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Cytotoxic and antibacterial substances against multi - drug resistant pathogens from marine sponge symbiont: Citrinin, a secondary metabolite of Penicillium sp.

Subramani, Ramesh and Kumar, Rohitesh and Prasad, Pritesh and Aalbersberg, William G.L. (2013) Cytotoxic and antibacterial substances against multi - drug resistant pathogens from marine sponge symbiont: Citrinin, a secondary metabolite of Penicillium sp. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 3 (4). pp. 291-296. ISSN 2221-1691

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    Abstract

    Objective: To Isolate, purify, characterize, and evaluate the bioactive compounds from the sponge-derived fungus Penicillium sp. FF001 and to elucidate its structure. Methods: The fungal strain FF001 with an interesting bioactivity profile was isolated from a marine Fijian sponge Melophlus sp. Based on conidiophores aggregation, conidia development and mycelia morphological characteristics, the isolate FF001 was classically identified as a Penicillium sp. The bioactive compound was identified using various spectral analysis of UV, high resolution electrospray ionization mass spectra, 1H and 13C NMR spectral data. Further minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) assay and brine shrimp cytotoxicity assay were also carried out to evaluate the biological properties of the purified compound. Results: Bioassay guided fractionation of the EtOAc extract of a static culture of this Penicillium sp. by different chromatographic methods led the isolation of an antibacterial, anticryptococcal and cytotoxic active compound, which was identified as citrinin (1). Further, citrinin (1) is reported for its potent antibacterial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), rifampicin-resistant S. aureus, wild type S. aureus and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium showed MICs of 3.90, 0.97, 1.95 and 7.81 μg/mL, respectively. Further citrinin (1) displayed significant activity against the pathogenic yeast Cryptococcus neoformans (MIC 3.90 μg/mL), and exhibited cytotoxicity against brine shrimp larvae LD50 of 96 μg/mL. Conclusion: Citrinin (1) is reported from sponge associated Penicillium sp. from this study and for its strong antibacterial activity against multi-drug resistant human pathogens including cytotoxicity against brine shrimp larvae, which indicated that sponge associated Penicillium spp. are promising sources of natural bioactive metabolites.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
    Q Science > QR Microbiology
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > Institute of Applied Science
    Depositing User: Ms Shalni Sanjana
    Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2013 09:31
    Last Modified: 07 Jul 2016 12:31
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/5587
    UNSPECIFIED

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