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Immigration policy and migrant labour market outcomes in the European Union: New evidence from the EU Labour Force Survey

Cangiano, Alessio (2012) Immigration policy and migrant labour market outcomes in the European Union: New evidence from the EU Labour Force Survey. [Professional and Technical Reports]

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    Abstract

    This paper builds on this recently released dataset to shed new light on the diversity of labour market experiences among migrants admitted to EU countries on different grounds (employment, family, humanitarian, ancestry, study etc.). It has been developed as part of the international project ‘LABMIG-GOV: Which labour migration governance for a more dynamic and inclusive Europe?’ and comes together with national case studies assessing migration policy trends in six major EU immigration countries – France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Sweden and the UK, hereon referred to as the LAB-MIG-GOV countries. Its core aim is to provide a better understanding of how migration policies – intended here as the regulatory framework governing the admission of foreign nationals as well as their access to the labour market – shape migrant patterns of labour market incorporation across the EU. More specifically, this work provides new evidence and analysis on: i) the impact of different migration regimes on the composition of the migrant workforce by category of admission, and ii) the patterns of labour market incorporation of migrants admitted to the EU in different immigration categories. Ultimately, this paper contributes to fill a significant knowledge gap in the academic literature and migration policy debates by providing a comparative perspective on the effectiveness of the different European migration regimes in favouring the economic integration of labour and other migrants. The paper is organised into five main sections. The first section explores the conceptual foundations of the links between migration policies and migrant labour market outcomes and briefly reviews previous empirical studies testing these links. The second introduces the key features of migration regimes in the six LAB-MIG-GOV countries. We then move to describe the strengths and limitations of the dataset used in our analysis and the methodological approach followed for the identification of the target population (first generation migrants) and the construction of nine categories approximating immigration status on arrival. The core part of the paper consists of a comparative analysis of the composition of the migrant workforce by immigration category on arrival and of the patterns of labour market incorporation of these categories across the EU. The last section concludes by situating our empirical findings against the migration policy contexts in the six LAB-MIG-GOV countries and reflecting upon the implications of different migration regimes for the migrant labour market integration.

    Item Type: Professional and Technical Reports
    Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Business and Economics (FBE) > School of Economics
    Depositing User: Alessio Cangiano
    Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2013 16:34
    Last Modified: 20 Jul 2016 12:46
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/5615
    UNSPECIFIED

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