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On the occurrence of equatorial F-region irregularities during solar minimum using radio occultation measurements

Carter, B.A. and Zhang, K. and Norman, R. and Kumar, V.V. and Kumar, Sushil (2013) On the occurrence of equatorial F-region irregularities during solar minimum using radio occultation measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 118 . pp. 1-13. ISSN 0148-0227

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    Abstract

    The technique of radio occultation (RO) is demonstrated to be a powerful tool for studying equatorial F region irregularities (EFIs) associated with equatorial plasma bubbles. The extensive 4.9 year RO dataset of the Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate (COSMIC) satellites was employed in this study and contains EFI observations under a wide variety of solar and geomagnetic conditions. From an analysis of the EFI occurrence dependence on season/longitude, it is found that the EFI occurrence statistics largely match those reported previously, with the exception of an equinoctial EFI occurrence maximum in the American sector that is absent from previous studies. It is revealed that this maximum is due to enhanced EFI occurrence near the South Atlantic anomaly, where EFIs are expected to be suppressed by particle precipitation. An investigation into the solar activity dependence of the EFI occurrence characteristics revealed significant increases in the range of local times and latitudes with solar activity for most longitude sectors and seasons. Finally, the EFI suppression and enhancement effects of storm-time electric fields are also investigated using the COSMIC data.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Engineering and Physics
    Depositing User: Ms Shalni Sanjana
    Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2013 13:16
    Last Modified: 14 Jun 2016 14:34
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/5637
    UNSPECIFIED

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