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Design of a horizontal axis wind turbine for Fiji

Goundar, Jai and Narayan, Sumesh and Ahmed, Mohammed R. (2012) Design of a horizontal axis wind turbine for Fiji. [Conference Proceedings]

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Abstract

The demand and cost of electricity has increased for Pacific Island Countries (PICs). The electricity from main grid does not reach rural areas and outer islands of Fiji. They burn fuel for electricity and daily lighting. Therefore, there is a need to look for alternative energy sources. Wind turbine technology has developed over the past years and is suitable for generating electricity by tapping wind energy. However, turbines designed to operate at higher wind speed do not perform well in Fiji, because Fiji’s average wind velocity is around 5-6 m/s. A 10 m, 3-bladed horizontal axis wind turbine is designed to operate at low wind speed, cut in speed of 3 m/s, cut off speed of 10 m/s and rated wind speed of 6 m/s. The blade sections were designed for different locations along the blade. The airfoil at the tip (AF0914) a has maximum thickness of 14% and maximum camber of 9%; the thickness varies linearly to the root, at the root the airfoil (AF0920) has a maximum thickness of 20% and maximum camber of 9%. The aerodynamic characteristics of airfoil AF0914 were obtained using Xfoil and were validated by experimentation, at turbulence intensities (Tu) of 1% and 3%, and a Reynolds number (Re) of 200,000. The aerodynamic characteristics of other airfoils were also obtained at operating Re at the turbulence intensities of 1% and 3%. These airfoils have good characteristics at low wind speed, and were used to design the 10 m diameter 3-bladed HAWT for Fiji. The turbine has a linear chord distribution for easy manufacturing purpose. Twist distribution was optimized using Blade Element Momentum (BEM) theory, and theoretical power and turbine performance were obtained using BEM theory. At the rated wind speed of 6 m/s and a TSR of 6.5, the theoretical efficiency of the rotor is around 46% and maximum power is 4.4 kW. The turbine has good performance at lower wind speeds and is suitable for Fiji’s conditions.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Engineering and Physics
Depositing User: Jai Goundar
Date Deposited: 01 May 2013 22:44
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2021 10:11
URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/5768
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