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Sustainable energy development in the Pacific: The evolution of energy frameworks and national policies

Singh, Anirudh and Fifita, S. and Mario, Rupeni and Bijay, Pritika (2013) Sustainable energy development in the Pacific: The evolution of energy frameworks and national policies. In: Climate-Smart Technologies - Integrating Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Mitigation and Adaption Responses. Climate Change Management . Springer, Heidelberg, New York, London, pp. 129-140. ISBN 978-3-642-37752-5

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The Pacific Island Countries and territories (PICTs) face a number of common energy challenges. One of these is the lack of indigenous fossil fuel resources This leaves these nations with no option but to import the required fuel from abroad at great expense. The remoteness of these island nations imposes further costs and introduces supply chain issues. Over the past decades, the region has been actively engaged in finding ways in which these challenges could be addressed and solutions found that reduced the region’s reliance on imported fuels. The earliest thinking relied heavily on the possible use of renewable energy to substitute for fossil fuel. Over the years however, there has been a gradual evolution of thought, with the consequence that recent energy strategies at both the national and regional levels have realized the limitations of this one-pronged approach. It is realized that some energy use sectors will continue to depend on fossil fuels for a long time. The importance of energy efficiency and effective energy policies and plans is also acknowledged. Another important development has been the use of the whole-of-the-sector approach to the solution of energy problems. This paper traces the development in energy policies that have taken place in the Pacific over the last decade, and critically assesses the key elements of the new thinking in the energy planning for the region. After deliberating on the needs for energy policies in general, it examines the features of the Pacific Island Energy Policy and Plan (PIEPP), and discusses the possible reasons why it was unable to deliver its expected outcomes. The importance of the whole-of-the-sector approach as well as other considerations that are now thought to be essential tools for energy planning and implementation in the Pacific region is discussed. The present status of development of a regional energy strategy, as embodied in the Framework for Action on Energy Security in the Pacific (FAESP), is then outlined.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Engineering and Physics
Depositing User: Anirudh Singh
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2013 21:14
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2016 02:24

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