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Factors influencing quality half-pearl (mabé) production in winged pearl oyster, Pteria penguin (Röding, 1758) in Fiji

Kishore, Pranesh and Southgate, P. and Seeto, Johnson and Hunter, J. (2013) Factors influencing quality half-pearl (mabé) production in winged pearl oyster, Pteria penguin (Röding, 1758) in Fiji. Aquaculture Research, N/A . pp. 1-8. ISSN 1355-557X

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    Abstract

    The winged pearl oyster, Pteria penguin, is cultured primarily to produce half-pearls (mabé). The mabé quality is influenced by culture techniques, but there is limited information in this field. P. penguin with mean (±SE) dorso-ventral height of 250 ± 6.5 mm were used to investigate the influence of culture period and nucleus position on mabé quality. Oysters were relaxed using 1-propylene phenoxetol, and five nuclei were glued at different positions to the inner surfaces of the oyster shells; three on the more concave left valve and two on the right valve. Nucleated oysters were then cultured for 10 months under commercial pearl farming conditions at Savusavu in Fiji. Nacre deposited at the base and top of the nuclei was measured monthly, from the 6th to the 10th months of culture and the different qualities of mabé produced at different positions were scrutinized. Nacre thicknesses at the base and top of the resulting mabé were significantly different at different months (P < 0.05) and the rate of nacre deposition was highest during the warmer months. The different positions of nuclei on the valve greatly affected the quality of mabé formed. After a 10-month culture period, around 1 mm of nacre covered the nuclei although the best quality mabé were obtained after 9 months.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Additional Information: Online publication therefore, volume not given.
    Subjects: S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Marine Studies
    Depositing User: Ms Shalni Sanjana
    Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2013 11:17
    Last Modified: 21 Jun 2016 12:14
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/6683
    UNSPECIFIED

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