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Numerical and experimental study of residual stress and strain in multi - pass GMA welding

Chand, Reenal R. and Kim, I. and Lee, J.P. and Kim, Y.S. (2013) Numerical and experimental study of residual stress and strain in multi - pass GMA welding. Journal of Achievement in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, 57 (1). pp. 31-37. ISSN 1734-8412

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Purpose: Recently, manufacturing industries have been concentrated on selection an optimal of welding parameter and condition that reduces the risk of mechanical failures on weld structures should be required in manufactory industry. In robotic GMA (Gas Metal Arc) welding process, heat and mass inputs are coupled and transferred by the weld arc to the molten weld pool and by the molten metal that is being transferred to the weld pool. The amount and distribution of the input energy are basically controlled by the obvious and careful choices of welding process parameters in order to accomplish the optimal bead geometry and the desired mechanical properties of the quality weldment. The residual stress and welding deformation have the large impact on the failure of welded structures. Design/methodology/approach: To achieve the required precision for welded structures, it is required to predict the welding distortions at the early stages. Therefore, this study represented 2D Finite Element Method (FEM) to predict residual stress and strain on thick SS400 steel metal plate. Findings: The experiment for Gas Metal Arc (GMA) welding process is also performed with similar welding condition to validate the FE results. The simulated and experiment results provide good evidence that heat input is main dependent on the welding parameter and residual stress and distortions are mainly affected by amount on heat input during each weld-pass. Practical implications: This present study on based on the numerical analysis using ansys software, for a thick multi-pass GMA welding. A birth and death technique is employed to control the each weld pass welding. Originality/value: The developed 2D multi-pass model employs Goldak’s heat distribution, to simulate welding on SS400 steel butt-weld joint with a thickness of 16mm. moreover the numerical results are validated with experiment results.

Item Type: Journal Article
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TS Manufactures
Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Engineering and Physics
Depositing User: Ronal Chand
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2013 23:16
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2016 03:06

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