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Energy efficient optimization of wireless embedded sensor networks

Assaf, Mansour and Khan, S. and Das, S.R. and Biswas, S.N. (2013) Energy efficient optimization of wireless embedded sensor networks. World Journal of Engineering, 10 (3). pp. 273-282. ISSN 1708-5284

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The energy optimization techniques developed for conventional ad hoc networks do not appropriately address the unique features of the wireless embedded sensor networks (WESNs). In the WESN environment, only reducing the overall energy consumption is not considered enough to maximize the life span of the entire network, but maintaining full network connectivity for a sufficiently long period of time is also an important design goal due to the energy constraints of each node. The wireless radio is a major energy user and is often the focus of energy conservation mechanisms, since the nodes communicate in a shared medium (air interface). The medium access control (MAC) layer of the communication protocol stack arbitrates access to the communications link by manipulating the sleep, listen, transmit, and receive states of the radio transceivers. The bursty traffic networks experience long periods of inactivity interrupted by unplanned and often short lived periods of high traffic loads. Currently available MAC protocols cannot meet application fidelity requirements of the bursty traffic networks since they are designed either for networks with periodic traffic or are not sufficiently traffic-adaptive, thereby introducing large multi-hop latency delays to realize network connectivity, over provision during light traffic conditions, and slow ramp up at the initiation of a high traffic episode. This paper presents enhancements made to the energy efficient MAC protocol which is especially designed for the bursty traffic networks and in the process targets some available communication techniques used in the WESNs for discussion and comparison.

Item Type: Journal Article
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Engineering and Physics
Depositing User: Mansour Assaf
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2014 03:50
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2016 04:12

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