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Optimization of a stand - alone renewable energy system for a small load requirement

Prasad, Shivneel and Kumar, Ajal and Raturi, Atul K. (2013) Optimization of a stand - alone renewable energy system for a small load requirement. In: Climate-Smart Technologies: Integrating Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Mitigation and Adaptation Responses. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 615-628. ISBN 9783642377525

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      Abstract

      Optimization of a stand-alone Renewable Energy (RE) system involves selecting the best RE resources and components, and sizing the system accordingly to get the most efficient and cost-effective solution. Design and optimization of an RE power system to serve the lighting in a University of the South Pacific car park was carried out using HOMER software and compared to manual calculations. Resource analysis showed that on average the site received 3.8 kWh m−2 day−1 of solar energy, with 1,387 full sun hours annually. Monthly average wind speed of 3.88 m s−1 at 10 m above ground level extrapolated to 15 m (the hub height of the wind turbine) resulted in an average wind speed of 4 m s−1, with power density of 70 Wm−2. With this wind resource, a Whisper 100 wind turbine would be in operation for approximately 50 % of the time in the year. The complementary nature of solar and wind resources showed good potential for a solar-wind hybrid system. In this study three possible systems—a PV system, a wind power system, and a hybrid power system (PV-wind)—were analyzed. It was found that a hybrid system is the best and most cost-effective option, as it is able to provide reliable power whilst minimizing the need for battery storage compared to a single RE power system. The optimum system comprised 0.270 kWp PV combined with a 900 W Whisper wind turbine with total battery storage capacity of 440 Ah at 12 V. Manual calculations yielded results similar to the HOMER simulations.

      Item Type: Book Chapter
      Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
      T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
      Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Engineering and Physics
      Depositing User: Fulori Nainoca
      Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2014 13:05
      Last Modified: 08 Jun 2016 15:16
      URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/7795
      UNSPECIFIED

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