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Economics of subsistence fisheries in the pacific islands

Ram-Bidesi, Vina (1997) Economics of subsistence fisheries in the pacific islands. [Conference Proceedings]

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Subsistence fishery has long had an important, if neglected, role in Pacific Island economies and societies. In its pure form, subsistence fishery is defined as conducting fishing activity where all the catch is consumed by the fisher and his or her family, or given away to friends and relatives, or used ceremonially but not sold. Subsistence sector is defined as that part of the economy in which the economic activity is not monetised. In other words, the strict theoretical view of subsistence fishing is that it is an activity where the production, consumption, and distribution are outside of the monetary system. In practice, there are only a few areas where there are pure subsistence households which do not rely on monetary exchange at all. In their report to the Forum Secretariat in 1992, Fisk, et al. defined the subsistence sector in the Pacific Islands as "that part of the economy where the most people produce, for their own consumption, most or a large part of their basic needs". Technically, then, this would mean mixed subsistence or semi-subsistence. This paper examines the status of the subsistence fishery, its socio-economic significance for Pacific Island economies and its potential in assisting coastal fisheries development. In doing so, the paper first illustrates the strategic importance of subsistence sector by looking at its role in the economic and social development of the Pacific Islands. Development is seen in terms of what is appropriate and practical within the given social, cultural, economic, environmental and ecological context. Subsistence fishery is then analysed in terms of its role within the fisheries sector in providing food and nutritional security, and social stability,and as a means of reducing risk and vulnerability within the coastal environment. The study also identifies some trends that are threatening the subsistence fishery and looks at possible ways to minimise the effects of such conditions.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Subjects: S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Marine Studies
Depositing User: Repo Editor
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2015 03:53
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2015 03:53

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