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Dietary trend and diabetes: its association among indigenous Fijians 1952 to 1994

Lako, Jimaima V. (2001) Dietary trend and diabetes: its association among indigenous Fijians 1952 to 1994. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 10 (3). pp. 183-187. ISSN 0964-7058

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    Abstract

    The dietary trends of indigenous Fijians have changed drastically in the past 50 years. Deviating from the traditional food consumption pattern and traditional lifestyle may have increased the incidence and prevalence of non-communicable diseases. The aim of this study is to examine the dietary trends of the indigenous Fijians in relation to the prevalence of diabetes from 1952 to 1994. The data used were obtained from the Naduri Nutrition Survey reports of 1952 to 1994, the Fiji National Nutrition Survey reports of 1983 and 1993, and the two diabetes survey reports of 1965 and 1980. Results indicated an increased consumption of introduced foods, which may be associated with an increased prevalence of diabetes. The total energy derived from cereals and sugar increased dramatically with a reduction in consumption of traditional foods. The prevalence of diabetes among the urban indigenous population in 1965 was very low compared to the 1980 figure, while the National Nutrition Survey of the same ethnic group showed a 433% increase of urban diabetes from 1965 to 1993. The hospital diabetes admission cases of 1952 to 1982 also showed an increased trend.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
    R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Biological and Chemical Sciences
    Depositing User: Repo Editor
    Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2015 16:26
    Last Modified: 23 Mar 2015 16:26
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/8157
    UNSPECIFIED

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