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Being indigenous in a non - indigenous environment: identity politics of the Dogai Ainu and new indigenous policies of Japan

Nakamura, Naohiro (2015) Being indigenous in a non - indigenous environment: identity politics of the Dogai Ainu and new indigenous policies of Japan. Environment and Planning A, 47 (3). pp. 660-675. ISSN 0308-518X

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    Abstract

    The author discusses the identities and socioeconomic status of Indigenous people in a non-Indigenous environment, ways to recognize Indigenous belonging statistically, and ethnic policies in a Japanese context, specifically focusing on the Dogai Ainu; that is, the Ainu who left their original homeland of Hokkaido and live elsewhere in Japan. The Japanese Government’s 2010 socioeconomic survey of the Dogai Ainu demonstrated a socioeconomic gap between the Dogai Ainu and the majority of the Japanese. This survey also revealed the difficulty of conducting surveys of the Dogai Ainu because, in a non-Indigenous environment, many of them tend to conceal their ethnicity for fear of discrimination and hesitate to participate in surveys. Indigenous peoples in Anglophone countries are increasingly challenging the definition of Indigeneity as imposed by outsiders, and self-identification is becoming an essential component of recognizing Indigenous belonging to reflect the reality and diversity of Indigenous identities. Some countries such as the USA and Canada have also begun using self-identification for enumeration in statistics. The case study of the Dogai Ainu, however, suggests that Indigenous belonging cannot always be recognized by self-identification and Indigenous policies may have to be implemented without comprehensive data.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Indigenous identities, self-identification, Indigenous belonging, Indigenous policies, Ainu
    Subjects: D History General and Old World > DS Asia
    G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
    G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
    H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
    H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
    J Political Science > JV Colonies and colonization. Emigration and immigration. International migration
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Geography, Earth Science and Environment
    Depositing User: Naohiro Nakamura
    Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2015 10:23
    Last Modified: 13 Sep 2016 09:13
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/8192
    UNSPECIFIED

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