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Strengthening opportunities and linkages for fishery downstream, value added processing and trade within and between MSG members

Prasad , Biman and Chand, Anand and Ram-Bidesi , Vina and Naidu, Suwastika (2012) Strengthening opportunities and linkages for fishery downstream, value added processing and trade within and between MSG members. [Professional and Technical Reports] (Unpublished)

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    Abstract

    The MSG countries governments have regarded fisheries resources as an important source of livelihood and income. The focus on commercial fisheries development seriously began following independence and the extension of 200 nautical mile maritime jurisdiction under the Law of the Sea Convention. There are several studies that have documented and provide reviews of developments in the fisheries sector. The Fisheries sector in broadly divided into two categories: coastal and offshore, although in the case of Papua New Guinea, there is also a distinct inland fishery. Coastal fisheries have been targeted as a priority with regards to its contribution to local nutrition, food security and income generation while the primary focus of offshore fishery and processing has been to generate foreign exchange, contribute to GDP and employment. Reviews of coastal fisheries have also been through improvements in rural development projects initiated by the respective governments and donor agencies such as rural development under EDF, JICA and OFCF and other poverty alleviation projects. Focus on coastal fisheries has been twofold: firstly identifying the potential for commercial development as well as addressing over-exploitation, resource depletion and sustainability concerns with regards to biodiversity conservation and secondly maintaining food security. The status of commercial fisheries in MSG countries indicates that MSG countries have rich fisheries and tuna resources in its EEZ. Out of the four MSG countries, PNG contributes around 37%, Fiji contributes 5%, and Solomon Islands contribute 3% and Vanuatu around 1 % to the total commercial fisheries production for the PICs (Gillett, 2010). The MSG countries are licensing the foreign tuna fishing vessels to fish in their EEZ in return for the small amount of revenue (license fees, employment, etc.). For example, on average, the fees from the foreign fishing vessels contribute to 0.03% of MSG government revenue (FAO, 2009). This return in relatively lower as compared to the thousands of dollars of tuna that is caught in the EEZ of PNG, Solomon Islands, Fiji and Vanuatu by the DWFNs.

    Item Type: Professional and Technical Reports
    Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
    H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
    S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Marine Studies
    Faculty of Business and Economics (FBE) > School of Management and Public Administration
    Depositing User: Fulori Nainoca
    Date Deposited: 01 May 2015 13:44
    Last Modified: 10 Jan 2017 11:13
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/8225
    UNSPECIFIED

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