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Catalytic ligand exchange reaction between hexacyanoferrate(II) and 4-cyanopyridine applied to trace kinetic analysis of palladium(II)

Naik, R.M. and Kumar, B. and Prasad, Surendra and Chetty, Adrian A. and Asthana, A. (2015) Catalytic ligand exchange reaction between hexacyanoferrate(II) and 4-cyanopyridine applied to trace kinetic analysis of palladium(II). Microchemical Journal, 122 . pp. 82-88. ISSN 0026-265X

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    Abstract

    The present paper describes a novel and fairly inexpensive catalytic kineticmethod for the determination of Pd2+ in the concentration range 17.71–177.14 ppb (ng mL−1). The method is based on the catalytic effect of Pd2+ on the substitution of cyanide by 4-cyanopyridine (4-CNpy) in hexacyanoferrate(II) in acidic media. The reaction was followed by measuring an increase in the initial rate of the indicator reaction with respect to the product, [Fe(CN)5(4-CNpy)]3−, formation at 477 nm. The effects of various parameters, such as pH and ionic strength of the reaction medium, concentration of the reactants and temperature, on the rate of the indicator reaction were studied to optimize the reaction conditions to achieve the highest sensitivity and to get lowest limit of detection of [Pd2+]. The fixed time procedure, as a measure of the initial rate, was followed to obtain a linear regression equation relating the absorbance and [Pd2+] in the range 17.71–177.14 ppb i.e. 1 × 10−7 to 1×10−6mol L−1. The effects of the presence of various cations commonly associatedwith Pd2+ and someanions have also been investigated and discussed. The detection limit of the method was calculated to be 9 ppb. The maximum average error of the proposed method was quite low. The method was successfully applied for the determination of Pd2+ in synthetic and environmental water samples. The proposed method is selective, accurate and inexpensive compared to many other methods available in literature for Pd2+ determination.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Biological and Chemical Sciences
    Depositing User: Fulori Nainoca
    Date Deposited: 25 May 2015 11:30
    Last Modified: 13 Sep 2016 10:10
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/8276
    UNSPECIFIED

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