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Utilisation of snail meal as a protein supplement in poultry diets

Diarra, Siaka S. (2015) Utilisation of snail meal as a protein supplement in poultry diets. Worlds Poultry Science Journal, 71 (3). pp. 547-554. ISSN 0043-9339

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    Abstract

    There are several species of snail with varying nutrient profile. The protein content of snail meal (53-83%) is comparable to or higher than fish meal. Apart from lower methionine, the essential amino acids composition of snail protein is similar to fish meal and better than soybean meal. The fat of snail meal is high in polyunsaturated fatty acids and has a good supply of essential fatty acids (linoleic, linolenic and arachidonic acids) and minerals. These qualities make the meal a suitable substitute for more expensive, conventional protein feedstuffs. The variability in nutritional content, potential presence of anti-nutritional factors (cyanide, tannins and saponins) and the seasonal availability of snails (mainly during the moist season) are major factors limiting the use of snail meal in poultry diets on a commercial scale. However, heat processed snail meal could be effectively utilised for practical on-farm feed applications to reduce cost and provide an environmentally friendly method of controlling snails, especially where they are major agricultural pests. In suitable regions, snails could be intensively bred to ensure the availability of the meal in commercial quantities for poultry feeding. Heat processed snail meal is recommended at 10% in the diet of meat and egg-type chickens but raw snail meal is not. The composition of snail meal (nutritional and anti-nutritional properties), recommendations in diets for domestic chickens, results of some feeding experiments and major constraints to its efficient utilisation are discussed in the following paper.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Subjects: S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
    Divisions: Faculty of Business and Economics (FBE) > School of Agriculture and Food Technology
    Depositing User: Siaka Diarra
    Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2015 10:34
    Last Modified: 27 Apr 2016 11:06
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/8414
    UNSPECIFIED

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