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Very low latitude (L=1.08) whistlers and correlation with lightning activity

Gokani, Sneha. and Singh, Rajesh and Cohen, Morris B. and Kumar, Sushil and Venkatesham, K. and Maurya, A.K. and Selvakumaran, R. and Lichtenberger, J. (2015) Very low latitude (L=1.08) whistlers and correlation with lightning activity. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 120 (8). pp. 6694-6706. ISSN 2156-2202

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We present analysis of more than 2000 lightning-generated whistlers recorded at a low-latitude station, located at Allahabad (geographic latitude, 25.40°N; geographic longitude, 81.93°E; L = 1.081), India, during December 2010 to November 2011. The main focus of this work is on the correlation between observed low-latitude whistlers and lightning activity detected by the World-Wide Lightning Location Network near the conjugate point (geography 9.87°S, 83.59°E) of Allahabad. Whistler occurrence is higher in the postmidnight period as compared to the premidnight period. Whistlers were observed in the daytime only on 2 days that too before 8:30 LT (morning). Seasonally, occurrence is maximum during winter months, which is due to more lightning activity in the conjugate region and favorable ionospheric conditions. About 63% of whistlers were correlated with lightning strokes in the vicinity of the conjugate point within spatial extent of 1000 km (conjugate area). Most (about 53%) whistlers were found to be associated with lightning strokes that were offset to the southeast of the conjugate point. The results indicate that an energy range of 7.5–17.5 kJ of lightning strokes generate most of whistlers at this station. The L shell calculations show that propagation paths of the observed whistlers were embedded in the topside ionosphere. Based on these results we suggest a possibility of ducted mode of propagation even for such very low latitude whistlers.

Item Type: Journal Article
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Engineering and Physics
Depositing User: Fulori Nainoca - Waqairagata
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2016 04:32
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2016 23:42

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