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Community Resilience in the Pacific Islands: Case studies from Tsunami hazards

Weber, Eberhard (2016) Community Resilience in the Pacific Islands: Case studies from Tsunami hazards. UNSPECIFIED. (Unpublished)

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    Abstract

    Disaster Risk Reduction policies have made good progress on national and regional levels in the Pacific Island Region. However, in most countries the connection between the national level and community levels has been insufficiently addressed. The integration of local level disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation into development planning is essential. Here additional efforts are required to reduce disaster risk and enhance effective recovery following major disasters. The paper synthesizes lessons learnt on community resilience in Pacific Island Countries. It discusses case studies of several disaster events from a grass-root level perspective. We find that local-level institutions and networks, both formal and informal, play an important role in people’s agency and interaction. The paper also considers how hazards add to other challenges people are facing, such as poverty and tenure insecurity. It highlights the importance of social capital for disaster risk and disaster recovery and rehabilitation. Our findings suggest that in assessing community resilience and devising disaster risk reduction strategies particular attention needs to be given to local land tenure systems, ethnic differentiation, remittances, and safety networks. In conclusion, the paper calls for integrated approaches that link national and local level interventions and that take into consideration that people’s capacities to face the various aspects of climate change and natural hazards may become overstretched when they have to deal with too many and/or too severe challenges at the same time.

    Item Type: Other
    Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
    H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Geography, Earth Science and Environment
    Depositing User: Eberhard Weber
    Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2016 15:14
    Last Modified: 16 Sep 2016 15:14
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/9238
    UNSPECIFIED

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