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Receiver DCB estimation and GPS vTEC study at a low latitude station in the South Pacific

Prasad, Ramendra and Kumar, Sushil and Jayachandran, P. T. (2016) Receiver DCB estimation and GPS vTEC study at a low latitude station in the South Pacific. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 149 . pp. 120-130. ISSN 1364-6826

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The statistical estimation of receiver differential code bias (DCB) of the GSV4004B receiver at a low latitude station, Suva (lat. 18.15°S, long. 178.45°E, Geomag. Lat. 21.07°S), Fiji, and the subsequent behaviour of vTEC, are presented. By means of least squares linear regression fitting technique, the receiver DCB was determined using the GPS vTEC data recorded during the year 2010, CODE TEC and IRI-2012 model for 2010. To substantiate the results, minimization of the standard deviation (SD) method was also used for GPS vTEC data. The overall monthly DCB was estimated to be in the range of 62.6 TECU. The vTEC after removing the resultant monthly DCB was consistent with other low latitude observations. The GPS vTEC 2010 data after eliminating the resultant DCB were lower in comparison to Faraday rotation vTEC measurements at Suva during 1984 primarily due to higher solar activity during 1984 as compared to 2010. Seasonally, vTEC was maximum during summer and minimum during winter. The winter showed least vTEC variability whereas equinox showed the largest daytime variability. The geomagnetic disturbances effect showed that both vTEC and its variability were higher on magnetically disturbed days as compared to quiet days with maximum variability in the daytime. Two geomagnetic storms of moderate strengths with main phases in the local daytime showed long duration (∼52 h) increase in vTEC by 33–67% which can be accounted by changes in E×B drifts due to prompt penetration of storm-time auroral electric field in the daytime and disturbance dynamo electric field in the nighttime to low latitudes.

Item Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Engineering and Physics
Depositing User: Fulori Nainoca - Waqairagata
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2016 02:04
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2016 02:04

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