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A review of Fiji's energy situation: challenges and strategies as a small island developing state

Prasad, Ravita D. and Bansal, R.C. and Raturi, Atul K. (2016) A review of Fiji's energy situation: challenges and strategies as a small island developing state. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, TBC . TBC. ISSN 1364-0321

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    Abstract

    Fiji is an island country with just over 300 small islands and approximately 853,000 people. It is a small island developing state (SIDS) that is heavily dependent on imported fossil fuel for its energy needs. The paper attempts to determine the past and current energy situation in Fiji, challenges faced and strategizes to overcome these challenges. In 2014, Fiji generated 859 GW h of grid electricity from 259.8 MW of power plants. Here, 45.4% of grid electricity was produced by hydro, 50.9% by diesel generators and the remaining by biomass. However, Fiji's transport sector is completely dependent on fossil fuels with fuel import bill equivalent to an average 58% of export earnings and taking up 21% of total import bill. The smallness of Fiji and dispersed islands within Fiji group leads to many challenges to have accessible, affordable and sustainable energy supply.These challenges are comprehensively discussed in this paper. Strategies such as increasing private-public partnership in renewable energy projects, changing customer behavior, setting up a credible feed-in tariff structure, developing locally owned business in renewable energy and energy efficiency, setting up of risk mitigation facilities and strengthening institutions supporting energy sector are discussed to overcome or minimize challenges.

    Item Type: Journal Article
    Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
    Divisions: Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment (FSTE) > School of Engineering and Physics
    Depositing User: Atul Raturi
    Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2017 15:14
    Last Modified: 22 Feb 2017 15:14
    URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/9450
    UNSPECIFIED

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