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The recovery of a non - violent identity for an Islamist pesantren in an age of terror

Hamdi, S. and Carnegie, Paul J. and Smith, B.J. (2015) The recovery of a non - violent identity for an Islamist pesantren in an age of terror. Australian Journal of International Affairs, 69 (6). pp. 692-710. ISSN 1035-7718

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Abstract

This article examines the ways in which one of Indonesia's largest local, non-violent fundamentalist Islamist groups, Hidayatullah, has worked towards recovering a non-violent identity in the aftermath of allegations of terrorism made by the international community at the height of the War on Terror. Significantly, in international circles post-September 11, Indonesia's pesantren (Islamic boarding school) network more generally became associated with terrorism as they were seen as potential breeding grounds for Islamist extremism. Subsequently, allegations emerged implicating Hidayatullah as part of an extremist organised network linked to Jemaah Islamiyah and, by extension, Al Qaeda. The article demonstrates how, in the aftermath of the allegations, the group negotiated with the wider society and the state's national security laws on terrorism as it worked to recover its non-violent identity. In doing so, it also raises further questions about methodological practices in distinguishing between the heterogeneity and subjectivities within wider Islamist movements, especially in terms of militant and non-violent forms of Islamism.

Item Type: Journal Article
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions: Faculty of Business and Economics (FBE) > School of Government, Development and International Affairs
Depositing User: Paul Carnegie
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2016 15:40
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2016 15:40
URI: http://repository.usp.ac.fj/id/eprint/9462
UNSPECIFIED

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